An Analysis of Structural Patterns of Reading Passages in Pre 1st-Grade STEP Test

An analysis of Structural Patterns of Reading Passages
in Pre 1-st Grade STEP Test


Ikuo Sakamoto
 KagoshimaUniversity

Abstract:

There have been some debate on the universal validity of STEP
Test(Social Test of English Proficiency); while there have been only some
researches analyzing some concrete test samples and dealing with the
validity of STEP Test. This presentation deals with the structural patterns
of reading passages in the original Pre 1-st Grade STEP Test, analyzing the
latest test samples.
As some statistic features of each test sample, this presentation,
at first, indicates some conctere data of each text; such as (i) the total
mumber of the words used, (ii) the total number of the sentences used, (iii)
the average length of one sentence of each test, indicating some statistic
differences of each test.
Secondly, some salient grammatical features of each sample will be
presented; especially, grammatical construction, such as anticipatory 'it'
construction, infinitive, participial construction, apposition, inversion,
ellipsis, passive and causative construction, nominalization and so forth
will be analized in detail.
As pilot studies of this presentation, Shin, Myung Shin (1979,1999),
and Akihiko Higuchi (2000) made some researches; each dealing with some
proficiency tests in Korea and Japan. Referring to some data of such pilot
studies, I would like to discuss the universal validity of structural
patterns of reading passages in Pre 1-st Grade STEP Test, as a conclusion of
this presentation.
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